Geography of Cape Verde

Location:Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal
Geographic coordinates:16 00 N, 24 00 W
Map references:Political Map of the World
Area:total: 4,033 sq km
land: 4,033 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:slightly larger than Rhode Island
Land boundaries:0 km
Coastline:965 km
Maritime claims:measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic
Terrain:steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)
Natural resources:salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum
Land use:arable land: 11.41%
permanent crops: 0.74%
other: 87.85% (2005)
Irrigated land:30 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active
Environment - current issues:soil erosion; deforestation due to demand for wood used as fuel; water shortages; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing
Environment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Cape Verde Quickstats

  • Population: 423,613 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 4,033 sq km
  • Density: 126 /km² (79th)
  • GDP (total): $3.055 billion (158th)
  • GDP (per capita): $6,418 (92nd)
  • Literacy: 76.6%

Languages of Cape Verde

Useful to know

  • Currency: Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)
  • Dial code: +238

International Trade

External sites

More Resources

Cape Verde Internet

  • Usage: 29,000
  • Penetration: 5.9 %
  • Top Domain: .cv

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

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