Transnational_issues of Estonia

Disputes - international:Russia recalled its signature to the 1996 technical border agreement with Estonia in 2005, rather than concede to Estonia's appending prepared a unilateral declaration referencing Soviet occupation and territorial losses; Russia demands better accommodation of Russian-speaking population in Estonia; Estonian citizen groups continue to press for realignment of the boundary based on the 1920 Tartu Peace Treaty that would bring the now divided ethnic Setu people and parts of the Narva region within Estonia; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Estonia must implement the strict Schengen border rules with Russia
Illicit drugs:growing producer of synthetic drugs; increasingly important transshipment zone for cannabis, cocaine, opiates, and synthetic drugs since joining the European Union and the Schengen Accord; potential money laundering related to organized crime and drug trafficking is a concern, as is possible use of the gambling sector to launder funds; major use of opiates and ecstasy

Estonia Quickstats

  • Population: 1,315,912 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 45,226 sq km
  • Density: 29 /km² (173rd)
  • GDP (total): $26.85 billion (106th)
  • GDP (per capita): $20,300 (42nd)
  • Literacy: 99.8%

Languages of Estonia

Useful to know

  • Currency: Estonian kroon (EEK)
  • Dial code: +372

International Trade

External sites

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Estonia Internet

  • Usage: 670,000
  • Penetration: 49.8 %
  • Top Domain: .en

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

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