Geography of British Indian Ocean Territory

Location:archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates:6 00 S, 71 30 E; note - Diego Garcia 7 20 S, 72 25 E
Map references:Political Map of the World
Area:total: 54,400 sq km
land: 60 sq km; Diego Garcia 44 sq km
water: 54,340 sq km
note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago of 55 islands
Area - comparative:land area is about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:0 km
Coastline:698 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate:tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds
Terrain:flat and low (most areas do not exceed two meters in elevation)
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m
Natural resources:coconuts, fish, sugarcane
Land use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land:0 sq km
Natural hazards:NA
Environment - current issues:NA
Geography - note:archipelago of 55 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is site of joint US-UK military facility

British Indian Ocean Territory Quickstats

  • Population:
  • Area: 54,400 sq km
  • Density: 58.3 /km²
  • GDP (total):
  • GDP (per capita):
  • Literacy:

Languages of British Indian Ocean Territory

Useful to know

  • Currency: Pound sterling (GBP)
  • Dial code: +246

International Trade

External sites

More Resources

British Indian Ocean Territory Internet

  • Usage:
  • Penetration:
  • Top Domain: .io

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

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