People of Gabon

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:0-14 years: 42.1% (male 307,444/female 305,468)
15-64 years: 53.9% (male 391,194/female 393,103)
65 years and over: 4% (male 23,978/female 33,680) (2007 est.)
Median age:total: 18.6 years
male: 18.4 years
female: 18.8 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate:2.036% (2007 est.)
Birth rate:35.96 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate:12.45 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate:-3.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratio:at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.006 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.995 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.712 male(s)/female
total population: 0.987 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate:total: 53.65 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 62.53 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:total population: 53.99 years
male: 52.85 years
female: 55.17 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate:4.71 children born/woman (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:8.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:48,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:3,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases:degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2007)
Nationality:noun: Gabonese (singular and plural)
adjective: Gabonese
Ethnic groups:Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
Religions:Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%
Languages:French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 63.2%
male: 73.7%
female: 53.3% (1995 est.)

Gabon Quickstats

  • Population: 1454867
  • Area: 267,667 sq km
  • Density: 5.2 /km² (216th)
  • GDP (total): $9.621 billion (136th)
  • GDP (per capita): $7,055 (89th)
  • Literacy: 0.632

Languages of Gabon

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  • Currency: CFA franc (XAF)
  • Dial code: +241

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