Geography of Greenland

Location:Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada
Geographic coordinates:72 00 N, 40 00 W
Map references:Arctic Region
Area:total: 2,166,086 sq km
land: 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-covered) (2000 est.)
Area - comparative:slightly more than three times the size of Texas
Land boundaries:0 km
Coastline:44,087 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Climate:arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters
Terrain:flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m
Natural resources:coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Land use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land:NA
Natural hazards:continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island
Environment - current issues:protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life, including whaling and seal hunting
Geography - note:dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast, but close to one-quarter of the population lives in the capital, Nuuk; world's second largest ice cap

Greenland Quickstats

  • Population: 56,344 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 2,166,086 sq km
  • Density: 0.026 /km² (230th)
  • GDP (total): $1.1 billion (not ranked)
  • GDP (per capita): $20,0002 (not ranked)
  • Literacy: 100%

Languages of Greenland

Useful to know

  • Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
  • Dial code: +299

International Trade

External sites

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