Geography of Guinea

Location:Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Geographic coordinates:11 00 N, 10 00 W
Map references:Africa
Area:total: 245,857 sq km
land: 245,857 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:slightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundaries:total: 3,399 km
border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Coastline:320 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terrain:generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Natural resources:bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Land use:arable land: 4.47%
permanent crops: 2.64%
other: 92.89% (2005)
Irrigated land:950 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Environment - current issues:deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
Environment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:the Niger and its important tributary the Milo have their sources in the Guinean highlands

Guinea Quickstats

  • Population: 9,947,814 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 245,857 sq km
  • Density: 38 /km² (164th)
  • GDP (total): $18.879 billion (111th)
  • GDP (per capita): $2,035 (142nd)
  • Literacy: 29.5%

Languages of Guinea

Useful to know

  • Currency: Guinean franc (GNF)
  • Dial code: +224

International Trade

External sites

More Resources

Guinea Internet

  • Usage: 50,000
  • Penetration: 0.6 %
  • Top Domain: .gv

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

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