Geography of Mauritius

Location:Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:20 17 S, 57 33 E
Map references:Political Map of the World
Area:total: 2,040 sq km
land: 2,030 sq km
water: 10 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Area - comparative:almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:0 km
Coastline:177 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate:tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Terrain:small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Natural resources:arable land, fish
Land use:arable land: 49.02%
permanent crops: 2.94%
other: 48.04% (2005)
Irrigated land:220 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues:water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
Environment - international agreements:party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs

Mauritius Quickstats

  • Population: 1,250,882 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 2,040 sq km
  • Density: 616 /km² (17th)
  • GDP (total): $16.0 billion (119th)
  • GDP (per capita): $13,703 (51st)
  • Literacy: 84.4%

Languages of Mauritius

Useful to know

  • Currency: Mauritian rupee (MUR)
  • Dial code: +230

International Trade

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