Geography of Moldova

Location:Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania
Geographic coordinates:47 00 N, 29 00 E
Map references:Europe
Area:total: 33,843 sq km
land: 33,371 sq km
water: 472 sq km
Area - comparative:slightly larger than Maryland
Land boundaries:total: 1,389 km
border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km
Coastline:0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:none (landlocked)
Climate:moderate winters, warm summers
Terrain:rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Dniester River 2 m
highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
Natural resources:lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone
Land use:arable land: 54.52%
permanent crops: 8.81%
other: 36.67% (2005)
Irrigated land:3,000 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:landslides (57 cases in 1998)
Environment - current issues:heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
Environment - international agreements:party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone

Moldova Quickstats

  • Population: 4,320,490 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 33,843 sq km
  • Density: 111 /km² (81st)
  • GDP (total): $9,367 million (141st)
  • GDP (per capita): $2,962 (135th)
  • Literacy: 99.1%

Languages of Moldova

Useful to know

  • Currency: Moldovan leu (MDL)
  • Dial code: +373

International Trade

External sites

More Resources

Moldova Internet

  • Usage: 406,000
  • Penetration: 10.4 %
  • Top Domain: .md

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

Recent blog posts