Geography of Paraguay

Location:Central South America, northeast of Argentina
Geographic coordinates:23 00 S, 58 00 W
Map references:South America
Area:total: 406,750 sq km
land: 397,300 sq km
water: 9,450 sq km
Area - comparative:slightly smaller than California
Land boundaries:total: 3,995 km
border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,365 km
Coastline:0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:none (landlocked)
Climate:subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
Terrain:grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Elevation extremes:lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m
Natural resources:hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Land use:arable land: 7.47%
permanent crops: 0.24%
other: 92.29% (2005)
Irrigated land:670 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)
Environment - current issues:deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Environment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country

Paraguay Quickstats

  • Population: 6,669,086 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 406,750 sq km
  • Density: 15 /km² (192nd)
  • GDP (total): $28.342 billion (96th)
  • GDP (per capita): $4,555 (107th)
  • Literacy: 94%

Languages of Paraguay

Useful to know

  • Currency: Guaran� (PYG)
  • Dial code: +595

International Trade

External sites

More Resources

Paraguay Internet

  • Usage: 150,000
  • Penetration: 2.7 %
  • Top Domain: .pa

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

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