Spain Background Information

Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986) have given Spain one of the most dynamic economies in Europe and made it a global champion of freedom. Continuing challenges include Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) terrorism and relatively high unemployment.

Spain Quickstats

  • Population: 40,448,191 (July 2007 est.)
  • Area: 504,782 sq km
  • Density: 79 people per km² /km² (106th)
  • GDP (total): $1.261 trillion (11th)
  • GDP (per capita): $27,950 (2005) (27th)
  • Literacy: 97.9%

Languages of Spain

Useful to know

  • Currency: Euro (€)³(EUR)
  • Dial code: +34

International Trade

External sites

More Resources

Spain Internet

  • Usage: 16,129,731
  • Penetration: 37.1 %
  • Top Domain: .sp

WT eBusiness info:

  • Success Ranking: 100
  • Market testing: Untested
  • Overall risk: High
  • Overall reward: Low


  • Tourism: 10%
  • eCommerce: 10%
  • Gaming: 10%
  • eLearning: 10%

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